6 sector-specific case studies Sea, Urban, and Industrial Water Mining


Water is a natural starting point for creating a more circular economy. Water is the single most important shared resource across all supply chains, and can be considered as a natural resource, a consumable good, and a durable good. Each of these three forms involve different stakeholders, business models, infrastructure, services and policies, and are subject to different barriers and drivers.
To capture the full potential of the circular water economy, WATER-MINING project proposes different strategies for each of these 3 water forms, involving 6 sector-specific case studies (CS). The aim is to benchmark, refine and establish commercial implementation routes for the proposed approaches and technologies. The proposed strategies are carefully designed to reflect the different needs of water users, as follows

Work Packages

Case Studies


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Desalination / Sea-mining

Water as a resource: water demands need to be ensured by the public administration and alternative water resources are increasingly emerging as essential. In this context, desalination is expected to play a key role, especially in water-stressed regions.

Urban Mining

Water as a consumable: during the last century world population tripled and together with the higher levels of consumption and standard livings have meant the water demand has also increase substantially. Urban water consumption is just a small fraction of the total human water use but remains a potential alternative source of water.

Industrial Mining

Water as a durable: Durable goods are defined as the goods used for final consumption repeatedly over a period of more than one year. In this sense, the development of innovative technologies aiming to the multiple use of water in industries is seemed as a promising approach for the reduction of water demand from industrial sectors.

Living Labs

The WATER-MINING project aims at actively involve and engage stakeholders from the whole water value chain, with a particular emphasis in the agricultural, urban and industrial sectors. The creation of 2 Living Labs in Rotterdam (The Netherlands) and Almeria (Spain) will offer an engagement environment around the different innovations demonstrated.

Rotterdam (The Netherlands)


The Floating Farm is a small-scale innovative circular concept located in the port of Rotterdam (The Netherlands) addressing animal welfare, sustainable food production, changing landscape conditions and wastewater management in Rotterdam. The Floating Farm is aimed at local food production in a sustainable, circular and in terms of water and energy be as self-sufficient as possible.
The Floating Farm aims to produce and keep all the required energy and products inside the city and will experience with low energy usage water desalination from the river Meuse, urine-water purification to produce reusable water and recover nutrients from the brine to be used as fertilizer for plant production. The Floating Farm has a high public profile and attracts many citizens and local stakeholders to its activities, which engage in value exploration, behavioural reflection and innovation solutions.

Almeria (Spain)

Leader: CIEMAT

The Plataforma Solar de Almeria (PSA) is located in southern Spain and has become a reference in the use of solar energy for desalination processes. PSA is recognized as top large research infrastructure crucial for the development of top-quality cutting-edge research, as well as the communication, exchange, and preservation of knowledge, the transfer of technology, and promotion of innovation. In particular, PSA is devoted to the uses of solar thermal energy, both for concentrated solar power production and for desalination and water treatment and as a Living Lab will help with the engagement of stakeholders involved in the Water-Energy-Food nexus in specific events and reaching citizens with their regular program of visits.